REFERENCES

1    Dr. Margaret Whitehead (personal communication, August 7, 2014).

2    Ibid.

3    Ibid.

4    Mandigo, James, “Physical Literacy within the Educational Context in Canada”.

5    Physical and Health Education Canada, a professional association of educators and administrators.

6    Mandigo, James, et al., “Physical Literacy within the Educational Context in Canada,” Journal of Sport Science and Physical Education, 65:360-366, 2013.

7    See funding for Canadian government at http://www.fin.gc.ca/tax-impot/2013/html-eng.asp

8    Mandigo,  “Physical Literacy within the Educational Context in Canada.” 

9    Canadian Sport for Life Resources: Physical Literacy Links, http://canadiansportforlife.ca/resources/physical-literacy-links.

10    See http://www.phecanada.ca/ and http://canadiansportforlife.ca/sites/default/files/resources/Introduction%20to%20Physical%20Literacy.pdf, respectively.

11    FMS Active Start and FUNdamentals for Children with a Physical Disability, http://www.phecanada.ca/programs/physical-literacy/fundamental-movement-skills/children-physical-disability 

12    Preliminary findings from “Children’s ranking of importance of skill based literacies,” courtesy of Dr. Dean Kriellaars. 

13    LTAD Implementation: Shaping the Ideal NSO, Canadian Sport for Life,  http://canadiansportforlife.ca/sites/default/files/resources/Ideal%20NSO_EN_Feb2_2014_Web.pdf

14    Rainer, Paul and Davies, Judith, “Physical Literacy in Wales – the Role of Physical Education,” Journal of Sport Science and Physical Education, 65:289-298, 2013.

15    Dr. Rachel Hughes (personal communication, June 18, 2014) 

16    Morgan, Kevin, Bryant, Anna S., and Diffey Fiona R., “The Effects of a Collaborative Mastery Intervention Programme on Physical Literacy in Primary PE,” Journal of Sport Science and Physical Education, 65:140, 2013.

17    Dr. Rachel Hughes (personal communication, June 18, 2014).

18    Wainwright, Nalda, “Physical Literacy in the Foundation Phase in Wales,” Journal of Sport Science and Physical Education, 65:130-139, 2013.

19    Dragon Multi-Skills and Sport engages kids in activity sessions to develop key movement skills that apply to a range of sports.

20    5x60 is an initiative of the Welsh Assembly Government that sends representatives into the schools to survey students and subsequently offers the appropriate programs. The initiative aims to create opportunities for children to “take part in extracurricular sport and physical activity on a regular basis.” 

21    Rainer and Davies,  “Physical Literacy in Wales – the Role of Physical Education.”

22    Morgan, Bryant, and Diffey, “The Effects of a Collaborative Mastery Intervention Programme on Physical Literacy in Primary PE.”

23    A Vision for Sport in Wales (Draft), http://www.sportwales.org.uk/media/483815/a%20vision%20for%20sport%20in%20wales%20%28consultation%20document%29.pdf.

24    Sport Wales – Physical Literacy, http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=R8PIXqp3JpA.

25    Dr. Rachel Hughes (personal communication, June 18, 2014).

26    Coasteering is an adventure sport that requires participants to cross rocky coastlines on foot or by swimming, without using equipment (i.e., no surfboards). Coasteering includes elements of swimming, climbing, scrambling, canyoning, jumping, and diving.

27    “Teaching sporty habits for lifelong healthy communities,” Sport Wales, http://www.sportwales.org.uk/funding--support/case-studies/teaching-sporty-habits-for-lifelong-healthy-communities.aspx#sthash.JLTInIV6.dpuf.    

28    “Teaching sporty habits for lifelong healthy communities,” Sport Wales.

29    “Street football puts participants on new road,” Sport Wales, http://www.sportwales.org.uk/funding--support/case-studies/street-football-puts-participants-on-new-road.aspx#sthash.b9olu3p1.dpuf.

30    Ibid.

31    Primary School Physical Literacy Framework, Youth Sport Trust, http://www.youthsporttrust.org/media/5174173/yst_ss_plframework.pdf.

32    Primary School Physical Literacy Framework.

33    Youth Sport Trust, http://www.youthsporttrust.org/.

34    Change4Life Sports Clubs, Youth Sport Trust, http://www.youthsporttrust.org/how-we-can-help/programmes/change4life-sports-clubs.aspx.

35    Fit for Girls, Youth Sport Trust, http://www.youthsporttrust.org/how-we-can-help/programmes/fit-for-girls.aspx.

36    Lead Your Generation, Youth Sport Trust, http://www.youthsporttrust.org/how-we-can-help/programmes/lead-your-generation-an-inclusive-future.aspx.

37    Primary School Physical Literacy Framework.

38    All Party Parliamentary Group: Primary Care and Public Health, June 5, 2014, http://www.pagb.co.uk/appg/reports/Press_Release_Inactivity_June14.pdf.

39    Top Sportsability, Youth Sport Trust, http://www.youthsporttrust.org/how-we-can-help/programmes/top-sportsability.aspx.  

40    Keay, Jeanne, “Key Stage 1 Physical Education Project: Phase 2 Report,” The Top Foundation, 2011.

41    Dr. Margaret Whitehead (personal communication, August 7, 2014).

42    Almond, Len. “Physical Literacy and Fundamental Movement Skills: an Introductory Critique,” Journal of Sport Science and Physical Education, 65:80-87, 2013.

43    Keaye, “Key Stage 1 Physical Education Project: Phase 2 Report.”

44    Primary Change4ForLife Club Case Study, Leicester City Partnership, http://www.youthsporttrust.org/media/583585/primary_change4life_club_case_study.pdf.

45    Macdonald, Doune, and Enright, Eimar, “Physical Literacy and the Australian Health and Physical Education Curriculum,” Journal of Sport Science and Physical Education, 65:351-359, 2013.

46    Keegan, R.J., et al., Getting Australia Moving: Establishing A Physically Literate and Active Nation (Game Plan), National Institute of Sport Studies and University of Canberra, http://www.canberra.edu.au/researchrepository/file/50f8c79c-2aca-a83f-aee8-254288c36220/1/full_text_final.pdf.

47    “Physical Literacy and Activity,” University of Canberra, http://www.canberra.edu.au/research/institutes/ucrise/research/physical-literacy.

48    Keegan, Getting Australia Moving…

49    “Physical Literacy and Activity,” University of Canberra.

50    Almond, “Physical Literacy and Fundamental Movement Skills…” 

51    Ibid.

52     “For parents,” Sport New Zealand, http://www.sportnz.org.nz/get-into-sport/for-parents/

53    Almond, “Physical Literacy and Fundamental Movement Skills…”

54    Sport Matters: The Northern Ireland Strategy for Sport and Physical Recreation 2009-2019, http://www.dcalni.gov.uk/sport_matters.pdf.

55    Haughey, Tandy J. et al., “Developing Physical Literacy through Coach Education: A Northern Ireland Perspective,” Journal of Sport Science and Physical Education, 65:252-256, 2013. 

55    Almond, “Physical Literacy and Fundamental Movement Skills...”

56    Sport Matters: The Northern Ireland Strategy… 

57    McKee, Melanie et al., “Physical Literacy Co-ordinators & Active School Partnerships in Northern Ireland, Journal of Sport Science and Physical Education, 65:299-305, 2013. 

58    Sport Matters: The Northern Ireland Strategy…

59    Dowens, Thomas, Dalziell, Thomas, and French, John, “Physical Education in Scotland; BMT (Better Movers and Thinkers) and Physical Literacy,” Journal of Sport Science and Physical Education, 65:306-311, 2013. 

60    Primary School Physical Literacy Framework.

61    Primary School Physical Literacy Framework.

62    Pot, Niek and van Hilvoorde, Ivo, “A Critical Consideration of the Use of Physical Literacy in the Netherlands,” by Niek Pot and Ivo van Hilvoorde,” Journal of Sport Science and Physical Education, 65:312-319, 2013. 

63    Ibid.

64    “Sport Agenda 2016,” NOC*NSF, http://www.nocnsf.nl/cms/showpage.aspx?id=10980.

65    Pot and van Hilvoorde, “A Critical Consideration of the Use of Physical Literacy in the Netherlands.”

66    de D’Amico, Rosa Lopez, “About Physical Literacy in Venezuela,” Journal of Sport Science and Physical Education, 65:367-370, 2013.

67    Kiez, Tia and Kriellaars, Dean, Origins of Physical Literacy, University of Manitoba, January 10, 2015 and Tia Kiez, The History of Physical Literacy: Occurrences in Literature Prior to the Work of Dr. M. Whitehead, University of Manitoba, January 10, 2015.

68    Lots to Lose: How America’s Health and Obesity Crisis Threatens our Economic Future, Bipartisan Policy Center, June 5, 2012, http://bipartisanpolicy.org/library/lots-lose-how-americas-health-and-obesity-crisis-threatens-our-economic-future/.

69    Moreno, Tony, “American Physical Education: A Discursive Essay on the Potential Unifying Role of Physical Literacy in the United States,” Journal of Sport Science and Physical Education, 65:371-377, 2013.

70    Grade-Level Outcomes for K-12 Physical Education, American Alliance for Health, Physical Education, Recreation and Dance (now SHAPE America), http://www.shapeamerica.org/standards/pe/upload/Grade-Level-Outcomes-for-K-12-Physical-Education.pdf.

71    “Physical Literacy,” Official Website of Stoughton, http://www.ci.stoughton.wi.us/index.asp?Type=B_BASIC&SEC={E7E597E5-46CC-43F5-A342-84A7B76FA07E}&DE=.